By Miranda Cole and Katharina Grosse-Ophoff

In its UPC judgment this week the European Court of Justice (“ECJ”) has clarified the application of consumer protection laws to, and the jurisdiction of national regulatory authorities over, providers of electronic communications services (“ECS”) that are established in one member state who provide services in another.  The court also confirmed that ECS providers need not establish a branch in member states in which they provide service, as long as they are established in at least one member state.

Continue Reading ECJ Confirms Application of Consumer Protection Measure to Cross-Border Services

By Dan Cooper and Oliver Grazebrook

On 20 June 2103, the Court of Rome in Italy ruled that the Wikimedia Foundation (the charitable organisation that operates Wikipedia) could not be liable for defamatory content posted by users on its site.  The court deemed that Wikimedia fell within the exemptions in the Italian transposition of Articles